Opening the mine at Turoszow in the 1950s marked the beginnings of brown-coal mining in Poland. Today the country is the world's sixth producer of this fuel, with 78 documented deposits, of which the exploited twelve have 2.1 billion tons.
Poland. The first permanent coal mine in Poland was established in Szczakowa near Jaworzno in 1767. In 19th century development of iron, copper and lead mining and processing in southern Poland (notably in the Old-Polish Industrial Region and later in the region of Silesia) led to a quick development of coal mining.